On July 22, 1796, surveyors from the Connecticut Land Company named a new settlement after their leader, General Moses Cleaveland. Lorenzo Carter earned the title as Cleaveland’s first permanent resident.
On December 23, 1814, Cleaveland became a town. Growth occurred rapidly, and once the Ohio and Erie Canal was completed in 1832, more change was unavoidable. In 1831, The Cleveland Advertiser shifted the town name’s spelling, which later became the official spelling.
In 1836, Cleveland became a city.
Following the American Civil War, the city became a transportation hub and a commercial center. By the time the 20th century rolled around, Cleveland had become a primary manufacturing center.
Cleveland changed in the following years and was a part of major events in American history such as Prohibition, the Great Depression, World Wars I and II, and more.
By the 21st century, Cleveland, Ohio further cemented its reputation as a city that evolves with the times and continues to grow.
With over 385,500 residents, Cleveland is a highly populated city. 49.1% of Clevelanders are males, while 50.9% are female. The median age here is 36.4 years, which is significantly lower than other cities.
As expected, the city’s population is very diverse. 49.1% of residents are black, while 34.5% are white. 11% are Hispanic, 2.8% are biracial, and 2.1% are Asian. 0.8% are of other racial descent.
Here, the unemployment rate is 5.7%. 16.3% of residents have a bachelor’s degree or above, while only 5.8% have a graduate or professional degree.
TOP Cleveland HIGHLIGHTS
Winter in Cleveland can be brutal – with freezing cold temperatures that can drop to 20°F. The coldest month is January with an average low of 23°F. It is also the snowiest month with an average of 18.7 inches.
The chilly weather, however, does not deter residents and tourists from enjoying the plenty of fun winter excursions that the city has to offer. December is the perfect month to enjoy outdoor activities like tree lightings and ice skating rinks.
One is most likely to experience pleasant weather from April to May and from September through October. Residents and tourists take advantage of mild temperatures by exploring thousands of acres of parks or watching baseball and football games.
The likelihood of a major natural disaster in Cleveland is fairly low. It is among the top 10 safest cities in the U.S. when it comes to natural disasters.
Although Cleveland has been dubbed as among the safest havens from natural disasters, the city has had its share of damage from heavy winds and rains caused by a few storms.
Cleveland also experiences intense weather patterns from time to time. Heavy snowstorms also cause considerable damage to property.
Besides a few thunderstorms and rare tornadoes and winter storms, the city has not seen any major natural disasters in recent years.
Cleveland Commute Time
Cleveland Commuter Travel Behavior
The mean time it takes to commute to work for those of 25 years of age or above in Cleveland is 23.5 minutes.
Because multiple major roadways run throughout Cleveland, travel by car is very convenient. Interstate 90 runs along Lake Erie’s shore and connects to Cleveland Memorial Shoreway. Additionally, Interstate 77 and Interstate 71 wind throughout Cleveland’s corners, and Interstate 480 is readily accessed to the south.
As for international travel, it takes roughly 15 minutes or so to reach Cleveland Hopkins International Airport from the center of Cleveland.
One of the downsides of living in Cleveland is that it is among the cities with the highest crime rates in all of the U.S.
The crime rate in the city is about 127% higher than the national average. Cleveland also has crime rates that are higher than 98% of communities in Ohio.
Violent crime rates in the city are about 280% higher than the national average. The violent crime rate per 1,000 residents in the area is 14.56.
Property crimes rates, meanwhile, are about 101% higher than the national average. The property crime rate per 1,000 residents is 44.32.
There are 17 members of the Cleveland City Council, each of whom represent a distinct ward of the city. This breaks down into each member representing roughly 25,000 residents. Council members are elected at-large, and each serves a 4 year term in office.
Greater Cleveland Partnership is the largest city chamber of commerce across the United States. The GCP has a driving mission to further the economic vitality of the Cleveland area. Over 12,000 members take advantage of multiple programs and events that focus on equity and inclusion, senior management, advocation, and resource generation.
Cleveland’s mayor is the chief executive officer. The city’s mayor is elected on an at-large basis and serves for a 4 year term in office with no set number of term limits. The mayor of Cleveland oversees the city’s administration and advocates for Clevelanders in all neighborhoods.
Cleveland Population 2020
The second-largest city in Ohio has a population of more than 380,000. The population, however, has decreased by -5.63% since 2010 and is shrinking at a rate of -0.8% every year.
49.1% of Clevelanders are male and 50.9% are female. Cleveland has a relatively young population with a median age of 36 and an estimated 24% of residents having ages that range from 35 to 54 years. 15% of the population, meanwhile, is aged 25 to 34 years.
Cleveland spans over 82 miles and has a population density of 4,881 people per square mile.
Cleveland Population Over Time
Cleveland Population by year
Cleveland Population by Sex
Cleveland Population by Age and Sex
Cleveland Diversity 2020
Cleveland is among the most diverse cities in Ohio. 49.6% of residents are African American, 39.8% are White, and 4.3% are Biracial. The city also has a growing number of Hispanic, German, Irish, Italian, Polish, and English residents.
English is the language that is commonly used by 86.2% of residents, 8.8% speak Spanish, and 1.3% speak other Indo-European languages.
Cleveland Race & Ethnic Diversity
Cleveland Ancestry (Top 10)
Cleveland Languages Spoken (Top 10)
Cleveland Foreign born population
Cleveland Education 2020
116 public elementary schools, 100 public middle schools, and 46 public high schools make up Cleveland’s broad public education system.
45% or over 117,000 Clevelanders aged 25 and above have experiences in tertiary education. 23% graduated from college, and 79.6% finished high school. 16.6% have a bachelor’s degree, 7% have an associate degree, and 6% have a graduate degree.
Cleveland Educational Attainment of Adults (25 years and over)
Cleveland Level of Education
SCHOOLS IN Cleveland
The Cleveland Metropolitan School District is the only district in Ohio that is directly controlled by the mayor who oversees the appointment of the school board.
This school system is #2 in terms of being the largest K-12 districts across Ohio. Almost 40,000 students are educated in this district, and student-teacher ratios average at 14 to 1.
In terms of diversity, Cleveland Municipal School District ranks in the top 100 of all Ohio districts. Additionally, this school system is ranked in the top third of school districts for athletics.
Formerly known as the Cleveland Municipal School District, this school system has 68 schools geared towards the educational needs of students from kindergarten through 8th grade, and 39 schools are high school campuses.
Some of the top-ranked schools in Cleveland include Whitney M. Young School, Clark School, Cleveland School of Science and Medicine, Bard Early College, and Cleveland Early College High School.
Cleveland Housing 2020
Because the majority of housing in Cleveland was constructed in the early 20th century, the majority of real estate in Cleveland is some of the oldest across the nation. That said, 20.48% of the housing stock is vacant, which drags the real estate market down.
The city’s real estate market can be broken down into 42.6% of properties being valued between $61K-$121K. 33.7% of the market is made up of homes worth less than $61K. 16.9% of real estate is worth between $121K-$243K, and 3.4% of properties are priced between $243K-$364K. From there, percentages grow increasingly smaller. Cleveland’s prices are much lower than comparable averages on a statewide and national scale.
Cleveland’s appreciation rates have been under the national average between roughly October 2008 to October 2018. During this stretch of time, the annual appreciation rate in Cleveland was 0.66%, which is under 70% of other cities across the nation.
Cleveland Home Appreciation Rates
Cleveland Home Value
Cleveland Median Home Value
Cleveland Median Gross Rent
Cleveland Home Ownership
Cleveland Rent & Ownership
Cleveland Rent vs Owner Occupied by Household Type
Cleveland Household Type
Cleveland Occupied & Vacant Number of Homes and Apartments
Cleveland Real Estate Trends
Cleveland Age of Homes
Cleveland Types of Homes
Cleveland Homes Size
Cleveland Property Taxes
Cleveland Property Taxes Range
Cleveland Homes for Sale
The median residential value in Cleveland is just over $77K, and there are over 168,400 home and apartment options within the city’s borders. Out of this number, more housing options are rented, seeing as 59.6% of residents rent their properties, while only 40.4% are owner-occupied residences.
The most prevalent type of home in Cleveland is unsurprisingly single-family type residences, seeing as 46.6% of the market is made up of this housing option. At 26%, the second most prevalent residence type is small apartment buildings. Meanwhile, 20.5% of properties are larger apartment complexes. From there, 6.2% of options are condominiums.
As for age, 53.7% of homes were built in 1939 or before, and 30.9% of residences were constructed between 1940 and 1969. 10.6% of homes were built from 1970 to 1999, which leaves 4.7% of housing options being classified as new construction.
Featured homes for sale
FIND YOUR HOME
Cleveland Economy 2020
More than 140,000 people contribute to stimulating Cleveland’s economy. The unemployment rate here, however, is relatively high at nearly 15%. 34.6% of the population live below the poverty line.
Cleveland has a good mix of white-collar and blue-collar workers. The city continues to attract young professionals who are just starting their careers. The largest industries in the city are retail trade, education, and healthcare and social assistance.
The median household income in the city is 46% lower than the US median at $29,008. A working Clevelander typically earns around $46,251 per year. The per capita income in the area is $20,085.
Cleveland Median Household Income
Cleveland Per Capita Income
Cleveland Income Distribution
Cleveland Income Distribution by Gender in Common Jobs
Cleveland Income Distribution by Race and Ethnicity
Cleveland Unemployment Rate
Cleveland Employment Distribution by Age
Cleveland Employment Industries
Cost of Living
More and more investors, homeowners, and businessmen are turning to Cleveland as a great place to settle in, as it is among the most affordable cities to live and work in Ohio and in the U.S.
The cost of living in Cleveland is about 23% lower than the national average.
Real estate prices in Cleveland are among the lowest in Ohio. The median list price in the city is at under $80,000, compared to Ohio’s median list price of about $133,000.
The costs of utilities and healthcare in Cleveland also fall below the state and national averages. One can expect to pay around $157 to $300 for electricity.
The costs of transportation and groceries, meanwhile, are about 7% higher than the national average.
Cleveland Poverty By Age and Gender
Cleveland Poverty By Race and Ethnicity
Things to do
Cleveland, Ohio has 36 neighborhoods, which Niche.com ranks from highest-rated to lowest as Downtown, Tremont, Edgewater, Kamm’s Corners, Ohio City, and Goodrich-Kirtland Park to only name the top 5 neighborhoods according to statistics and ratings. On the whole, Cleveland’s neighborhoods vary greatly when it comes to cost of living.
The more expensive part of town is towards the center of Cleveland near Lake Erie’s shore. The area within W 7th Street and Marquardt Avenue is the most expensive neighborhood. Here, the median real estate price is $385K. Close runner-ups are W 6th Street to Literary Road, the neighborhoods within N Marginal Road and Erieside Avenue, and area from Detroit Avenue and W 25th Street.
The least expensive neighborhoods are generally clustered to the northeast and southeast. Median real estate prices trend low in these neighborhoods to around $38K or under, which is less expensive than around 98% of U.S. neighborhoods and 95% of residential areas in Ohio.