Sugar Land, Texas is a popular and affluent city in southeastern Texas.
Sugar Land experienced a population boom after the turn of the 21st century and is now home to around 120,000 residents. This city’s economy grows alongside Sugar Land’s population, and Outlook Magazine, Texas Business, and more magazines routinely name Sugar Land’s economy and job market as some of the best in the state.
The city’s crime rates fall well under national averages, and with the cost of living being relatively affordable, many young professionals, families, and retirees enjoy living in Sugar Land.
As a large, master-planned city, Sugar Land contains 13 beautiful communities and also features multiple retail and varied entertainment options for residents. Sugar Land is ideally located near iconic Texas attractions, so finding something to do is equally easy and convenient.
With these factors in mind, it’s easy to see why the city is regularly listed among the best in the state to live in.
Sugar Land’s population is about 120,000. 49% of residents are male, and 51% are female.
21% of residents have some college education or an associate’s degree, while 35% of residents have earned a bachelor’s degree. Another 25% of residents have a master’s degree or higher.
44% of Sugar Land’s population is White, and 36% of residents are Asian. Another 11% of residents identify as Hispanic, and 6% of the population is African American. Another 2% of residents are biracial or multiracial.
The city’s unemployment rate is about 2.9%, and the poverty rate tracks around 5%. The median household income is $122K, and the median individual income is $50K.
Since 69.6°F is Sugar Land’s annual average temperature, this part of the state has warmer year-round temperatures than the majority of areas across the country.
August is generally the hottest month out of the year. The average temperature during summer months in Sugar Land is about 83°F, though temperatures may sometimes stretch to 100°F. November through February are the coldest months out of the year, with average monthly temperatures tracking around 53°F. Colder temperatures in the city can dip to about 40°F.
Around 63 days each year bring rain to Sugar Land, and 49 inches is the city’s average annual precipitation. The city’s annual average humidity is 73.81%.
The most common types of natural disasters that threaten Sugar Land include coastal storms, hurricanes, tornadoes, flooding, and extreme heat and drought.
Sugar Land is highly prone to flooding because it is located near the Brazos River. Neighborhoods that are highly vulnerable to localized flooding are those that are in close proximity to lakes.
In the past, the city had been among those hardest hit by flooding that caused significant damage to properties, major roads, and public utilities.
Extreme heat and extended drought conditions may also affect the area and cause water shortage problems.
Sugar Land has a very high risk of tornadoes with a total of about 226 tornadoes since 1950. The NOAA says, an average of three tornadoes are recorded in the area every year.
The city also has a moderate risk of damage from hurricanes. A total of about 52 hurricanes have been recorded in the area since 1930.
Commuter Travel Behavior
Sugar Land residents 25 years and over report an average daily commute time of 27 minutes, which is about average for this part of the state.
Sugar Land residents benefit from having Interstate 69 cut through the city’s center, and US-90 ALT also runs through the city. The Sam Houston Tollway can be accessed just northeast of the city. Meanwhile, Westpark Tollway and Interstate 10 are additional well-connected roadways that can be reached a short distance north of Sugar Land.
It takes about an hour and 15 minutes to reach Galveston, Texas by car from Sugar Land, and Downtown Houston is roughly a half hour’s drive northeast of the city.
Sugar Land is among the safest communities to live in Texas and in all of the U.S.
Overall, the crime rate in the area is about 1,801 per 100,000 residents. This rate is about 30% lower than the national average. Sugar Land is safer than about 46% of communities in Texas, and about 62% of cities in the U.S.
Violent crime rate in the area is about 91 per 100,000 residents. This rate is about 76% lower than the national average.
Property crime rate, meanwhile, is at 1,709 per 100,000 residents. This rate is about 22% lower than the national average.
One’s chances of being a victim of crime in the area is 1 in 56.
The safest neighborhoods in the city are located in the western and southern portions, near the Thompson Ferry Road. The neighborhoods with the highest crime rates are located in the northeastern sections near Sugar Creek Boulevard.
The city council of Sugar Land is made up of 6 council members. 2 members are elected on an at-large basis, and 4 members are elected by district. The city council holds equal rights, powers, and responsibilities as the mayor. The city council convenes for regular monthly meetings on the 1st and 3rd Tuesdays of every month at 5:30PM.
Sugar Land is served by the Fort Bend Chamber of Commerce, a large chamber that covers the majority of the county. This expansive chamber includes over 1,200 members and is dedicated to supporting the local economy through providing small businesses, companies, and entrepreneurs with regular promotional and networking opportunities. This chamber also represents its members in a governmental capacity.
Sugar Land is governed by a council-manager system of government where the city manager acts as the chief executive officer. Meanwhile, the mayor’s role is to act as the head of the city council. The mayor of Sugar Land is elected on an at-large basis to serve for a 2 year term of office with a term limit of 4.
Sugar Land experienced a positive population growth of 50% between 2010 and 2018. The population in 2010 was just over 78,800, and over 118,000 people lived in the city in 2018.
49% of Sugar Land’s population is male, and 51% of the area’s residents are female. 42 is the median female age, and 40 is the median male age.
Sugar Land’s median age is 38.8, which is over the country’s median of 38 and Texas’s median of 34. Over 26% of the population is under 20. About 21% of the population is between 20-39. 15% of residents are in their 40s, while 15% are in their 50s.
Population Over Time
Population By Year
Population By Sex
Population By Age And Sex
53.2% of those living in Sugar Land are White. An additional 36.4% of the population is Asian, and 6.5% of residents identify as Black or African American. Another 2.2% of residents are biracial or multiracial, and 1.5% of residents belong to other ethnic backgrounds.
56.4% of residents speak English alone, and 6.5% of Sugar Land residents speak Spanish. Additionally, 9.5% of the population speaks Chinese, Mandarin, or Cantonese, while 14.3% of residents know another Indo-European language.
A reported 34.5% of Sugar Land residents are foreign born. This is twice Texas’s estimate of 17% and decidedly over the national percentage as well.
Race & Ethnic Diversity
Ancestry (Top 10)
Languages Spoken (Top 10)
Foreign Born Population
Sugar Land has 20 elementaries, 6 middle school campuses, and 4 high schools within its borders. The city’s high school dropout rate tracks under 7%, which is 10% below the state’s reported dropout rate.
15.1% of Sugar Land’s 25 and over population has attended some college courses, and 6% of adult residents have earned an associate’s degree. Roughly 60% of the city’s population holds a bachelor’s degree, and 25.4% has a professional or graduate degree. 4.8% of Sugar Land’s population has a doctorate degree.
16% of Sugar Land students are enrolled in private schools, while 84% are enrolled in public educational facilities.
Educational Attainment Of Adults (25 Years And Over)
Level Of Education
Sugar Land students are directed to attend public schools within the Fort Bend Independent School District, which is one of the most diverse and acclaimed districts in Texas. Formed by the joining of Sugar Land Independent School District and Missouri City Independent School District, Fort Bend ISD maintains an outstanding record. Students attending local campuses are largely proficient in both math and reading according to state standardized tests.
There are over 75 campuses within this award-winning school district, and common traits of Fort Bend ISD public schools are diverse student populations, outstanding athletic programming, and highly rated teachers and staff members. Many Fort Bend ISD schools are National Blue Ribbon Schools that rank favorably across not just Fort Bend County, but across the state. The Texas Department of Education rates this district as “recognized,” which is noteworthy praise. There are also a good number of private schools in Sugar Land available to students, including religious campuses and nonreligious educational institutions.
The estimated median property value in Sugar Land is $272K, which ranks as one of the highest medians in the state. 2.8% of properties in the city are worth under $115K, and 24.4% of the city’s real estate market ranges between $115K-$231K. Another 29.1% of Sugar Land properties are worth between $231K-$346K, and an additional 19% of the city’s properties vary between $346K-$462K. 10% of other properties in the city are even more expensive and range between $462K-$577K, while 9.8% of properties vary between $577K-$866K.
2.6% of Sugar Land real estate ranges between $866K-$1.1 million, and another 2% of properties are worth over $1.1 million. Sugar Land real estate also has a noteworthy appreciation rate, seeing as real estate in the city appreciated 44.51% between January 2010 and January 2020. This divides into an average annual rate of 3.75%, which is impressively above national averages.
Home Appreciation Rates
Median Home Value
Median Gross Rent
Rent & Ownership
Rent Vs Owner Occupied By Household Type
Occupied & Vacant Number Of Homes And Apartments
Real Estate Trends
Age Of Homes
Types Of Homes
Property Taxes Range
Homes for Sale
An estimated 80% of Sugar Land properties are owner-occupied residences, which means 20% of housing options are rented. Sugar Land’s vacancy rate tracks around 5%. Less than 1% of the city’s properties were built in or before 1939, and 2.6% of residences were constructed between 1940-1969. From there, about 70% of Sugar Land housing options were built between 1970-1999. Another 27% of properties were constructed in 2000 or later years.
At 86.7%, the vast majority of Sugar Land residences are detached family homes. 9.2% of properties in the city are apartment complexes, and less than 1% of other housing options are smaller apartment buildings. About 3.7% of properties are condominiums and attached residences. 5.3% of residences have 1 bedroom layouts, while 9.5% have 2 bedroom layouts. 30.3% of Sugar Land residences have 3 bedrooms, and 41.6% have 4 bedrooms. Another 13.3% of properties in the city have 5 or more bedrooms.
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Sugar Land’s average annual salary is almost $107K, while the city’s median household income tracks slightly over $122K. The city’s per capita income is $52K, which is well over Texas’s per capita income of roughly $30K.
The city’s unemployment rate trends around 4.6%, and 5% of Sugar Land’s population lives in poverty. For additional context, 3% of the population makes under $15K annually, and less than 5% earns between $15K-$25K.
Another 7.7% of the population makes $25K-$35K annually, and 14.5% makes $50K-$65K. 6.8% earn between $65K-$75K, and almost 14% earn between $75K-$100K. Another 37.4% of residents earn over $100K annually.
Median Household Income
Per Capita Income
Income Distribution By Gender In Common Jobs
Income Distribution By Race And Ethnicity
Employment Distribution By Age
Employment Industries (Top 10)
Cost of Living
As a fast-growing city that features luxurious amenities in high demand planned-communities, Sugar Land is among the expensive places to live in Texas.
The cost of living in Sugar Land is about 28% higher than the Texas average, and about 17% higher than the national average.
High real estate prices in the area are driving the increase in the costs of living. With median home values of about $315,000, housing costs in Sugar Land are about 59% higher than the national average.
One can expect to spend more for goods and services, with prices that are about 2% higher than the national average. The prices of food and groceries, however, are about 13% lower than the national average.
Healthcare expenses in the area are about 11% lower than the national average. Transportation costs are about 5% lower than the national average, while the prices of utilities are about 10% higher than the national average.
Poverty By Age And Gender
Poverty By Race And Ethnicity
Things to do
Sugar Land contains almost 100 neighborhoods such as First Colony, Greatwood, Imperial, Telfair, and Sugar Creek. Northern Sugar Land neighborhoods have the lowest cost of living, seeing as this part of town has a median real estate price of $141K. Even so, this median is more costly than 43.3% of Texas neighborhoods, but is more affordable than almost 70% of neighborhoods across the country.
Southern Sugar Land neighborhoods are considered more affluent. These residential areas have a median real estate price of $360K, which is more costly than about 87% of neighborhoods in the state and 72% of residential areas in the U.S. Southern neighborhoods have the most favorable crime rates in Sugar Land. Central neighborhoods have the highest cost of living with a median real estate price of $511K. This is more expensive than an estimated 95% of Texas neighborhoods and 84.2% of neighborhoods nationally. However, central neighborhoods have the highest crime rates in the city.